Adler, Nancy J. (1981). “Re-Entry: Managing Cross-Cultural Transitions.” Group and Organization Studies, 6 (3), 341-356.

Adler, Nancy J. (1986). “A Portable Life: The Expatriate Spouse,” International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior. Kent, Massachusetts.

Akram, Christine (1995). “Change and Adaptation: Children and Curriculum in International Schools,” International Schools Journal, Vol XV, No. 1. ECIS.

Albright, Chu and Austin (1986). Moving and Living Abroad: A Complete Handbook for Families. Hippocrene Books, 1986.

Austin, Clyde N. (1986). Cross-Cultural Re-Entry; A Book of Readings. Abilene TX: Abilene Christian University. (More information.)

Bell, Linda (1997). Hidden Immigrants: Legacies of Growing Up Abroad. Notre Dame, Indiana: Crosscultural Publications. (More information.)

Bennett, Janet M. (1977). “Transition Shock: Putting Culture Shock in Perspective.” In Nemi C. Jain (Ed.), International and Intercultural Communication Annual 4:45- 52.

Bennett, Janet M. (1993). “Cultural Marginality: Identity Issues in Intercultural Training.” In R. Michael Paige (Ed.), Education for the Intercultural Experience. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.

Bryson, Debra R. and Charise M. Hoge (2003). A Portable Identity: A Woman’s Guide to Maintaining a Sense of Self While Moving Overseas. Georgetown, TX: Word Wright International.

A Conversation About Re-Entry (1994). Seattle, Washington: Video produced by Barbara F. Schaetti on the university-bound re-entry experience, Transition Dynamics.

Delin, A. S. (1987). Identity Characteristics of Seventh Through Twelfth Grade Third Culture Dependents at Cairo American College, Egypt. (Doctoral Dissertation, Michigan Sate University, 1986). Dissertation Abstracts International, 47, 2500A.

Downie, R.D. (1976). Re-entry Experiences and Identity Formation of Third Culture Experienced Dependent American Youth: An Exploratory Study. (Doctoral Dissertation, Michigan State University, 1976). Dissertation Abstracts International, 37, 3493A.

Eakin, Kay Branaman (1988). The Foreign Service Teenager—At Home in the U.S.: A Few Thoughts For Parents With Teenagers. Overseas Briefing Center, Foreign Service Institute, U.S. Department of State.

Eakin, Kay Branaman (August 1979). “The Real Culture Shock: Adolescent Re- Entry to the United States,” Foreign Service Journal.

Ender, M. G. (Ed.). (2002). Military Brats and Other Global Nomads Growing Up in Organization Families. Praeger Publishers.

Fail, Helen (1995). Some of The Outcomes of International Schooling. (Masters Thesis, Oxford Brookes University, 1995).

Fassler, Joan (1973). Helping Children Cope: Mastering Stress Through Books and Stories. New York: AMACOM.

Federation of American Women’s Clubs Overseas (1992). American Women and Work Overseas. Wassenaar, The Netherlands.

Furnham, Adrian and Stephen Bochner (1989). Culture Shock: Psychological Reactions to Unfamiliar Environments. New York, NY: Routledge.

Gerner, M., Perry, F., Moselle M. A., and Archbold, M. (1992). “Characteristics of Internationally Mobile Adolescents.” Journal of School Psychology, Vol. 30, 197-214.

Giardini, Alyson M (1993). The Formation of a National Identity Among U.S. Citizens Growing Up Overseas. (Masters Degree Thesis, Stanford University, 1993).

Gleason, T. P. (1970). Social Adjustment Patterns and Manifestations of Worldmindedness of Overseas-Experienced American Youth (Doctoral Dissertation, Michigan State University, 1969). Dissertation Abstracts International, 31, 2494A.

Global Nomads: Cultural Bridges for the Future (1994). Ithaca, New York: video produced by Alice Wu, Lewis Clark, Marianne Bøjer, and Illan Barzilay, Cornell University.

Gordon, Enid and Morwenna Jones (199?). Portable Roots. Voices of Expatriate Women. Maastricht, The Netherlands: Presse Interuniversitaires Européennes.

Grabner, Marval (1992). A Phenomenological Analysis of Children’s Descriptions of Coping With Relocation. (Master of Psychology Thesis, Saybrook Institute for Humanistic Psychology, 1992).

Greenbury, Linda R (1992). Portable Careers: Surviving Your Partner’s Relocation. London, England: Kogan Page Limited.

Hager, J. D. (1979). The Schooling of Third Culture Children: The Case of the American School of The Hague (Doctoral Dissertation, Michigan State University, 1978). Dissertation Abstracts International 39, 6050A.

Harding, Edith and Philip Riley (1986). The Bilingual Family. A Handbook for Parents. Cambridge, Great Britain: Cambridge University Press.

Harper, Sara June (1986). A Comparison of Theory and Life Experiences in Heteroculturality. (Master of Arts Thesis, Portland State University Speech Communication Department, 1986).

Hormuth, Stefan E. (1988). Psychological Effects of Geographical Mobility on Adolescents. (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Heidelberg, Germany, 1988). Hormuth, Stefan E. (1990). The Ecology of the Self: Relocation and Self-concept Change. Cambridge: CUP.

Hughes, K. L. (1999). The Accidental Diplomat: Dilemmas of the Trailing Spouse. Aletheia Publications, Inc., Putnam Valley, NY, 1999.

Iwama, Hiroshi F. (1990). Factors Influencing Transculturation of Japanese Overseas Teenagers. (Doctoral Dissertation, Pennsylvania State University College of Education, 1990).

Janssen, Gretchen (1989). Women On The Move: A Christian Perspective on Cross-Cultural Adaptation. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press. (More information.)

Jehle-Caitcheon, N. (2003). Parenting Abroad. Putnam Valley, NY: Aletheia Publications, Inc.

Jordan, K. A. F. (1981). The Adaptation Process of Third Culture Dependent Youth as They Re-enter the United States and Enter College: An Exploratory Study (Doctoral Dissertation, Michigan State University, 1981). Dissertation Abstracts International, 42, 3545A.

Kalb, Rosalind and Penelope Welch (1992). Moving Your Family Overseas. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press. (More information.)

Kohls, L. Robert (new edition, 2001). Survival Kit for Overseas Living (Third Edition). Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press. (More information.)

Krajewski, F. R. (1969). A Study of the Relationship of an Overseas- Experienced Population Based on Sponsorship of Parents and Subsequent Academic Adjustment to College in the U. S. (Doctoral Dissertation, Michigan State University, 1969). Dissertation Abstracts International, 31, 1372A-1373A.

Lewis, Tom J. and Robert E. Jungman (1986). On Being Foreign: Culture Shock in Short Fiction. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.

Martin, J. N. (1984). “The Intercultural Reentry: Conceptualization and Directions for Future Research.” International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 8, 115-134.

Martin, J. N. (1986). “Communication in the Intercultural Reentry: Student Sojourners’ Perceptions of Change in Reentry Relationship.” International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 10, 1 – 22.

Martin, J. N. (1993). “The Intercultural Reentry of Student Sojourners: Recent Contributions to Theory, Research, and Training.” In R. Michael Paige (Ed.), Education for the Intercultural Experience. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press

McCluskey, Karen Curnow (Ed.) (1994). Notes From a Travelling Childhood. Readings for International Mobile Parents and Children. Washington D.C.: Foreign Service Youth Foundation.

McCullough, Rebecca Jaramillo (1992). Volunteering: A Guide for Using Volunteer Work to Maintain, Upgrade, or Develop Professional Skills. US Department of State, Family Liason Office: Washington DC.

McKay, Virginia, .L (1989). Moving Abroad: A Guide to International Living. VLM Enterprises.

Melton, William Russell (2005). The New American Expat: Thriving and Surviving Overseas in a Post-9/11 World. Yarmouth, ME: The Intercultural Press.

Meltzer, Gail and Elaine Grandjean (199?). The Moving Experience: A Practical Guide to Psychological Survival. Philadelphia, PA: Multilingual Matters Ltd.

Michaus, P. (1996). The Unknown Ambassadors: A Saga of Citizenship. Aletheia Publications, Inc., Putnam Valley, NY, 1996.

Morgan, Patti Jones (2000). Island Soul: A Memoir of Norway. Double SS Press: Wimberley, TX.

Murphy, E. (Ed.). (1991). ESL: A Handbook for Teachers and Administrators in International Schools. Philadelphia, PA: Multilingual Matters Ltd.

Olson, T. N. (1986). The Experiences of Third Culture Children Attending a Department of Defense Dependents Overseas Secondary School in the Republic of the Philippines. (Doctoral Dissertation, Michigan State University, 1986). Dissertation Abstracts International, 47, 04-A.

Osland, Joyce Sautters (1995). The Adventure of Working Abroad: Hero Tales from the Global Frontier. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Paige, Michael R (Ed.) (1993). Education for the Intercultural Experience. Yarmouth ME: Intercultural Press.

Pascoe, R. (2003). A Moveable Marriage. Relocate Your Relationship Without Breaking It. Vancouver, BC: Expatriate Press

Pascoe, Robin (2000). Homeward Bound: A spouse’s Guide to Repatriation. Expatriate Press. Vancounver. (More information.)

Pascoe, Robin (1994). Culture Shock! Successful Living Abroad—A Parent’s Guide. Singapore: Time Books International.

Pascoe, Robin (1992). Surviving Overseas: The Wife’s Guide to Successful Living Abroad. Singapore: Time Books International.

Piet-Pelon, Nancy J. and Barbara Hornby (1985, 1992). Women’s Guide to Overseas Living. Second Edition. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press. (More information.)

Pollock, David and Ruth van Reken (2001). Third Culture Kids: Growing Up Among Worlds. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press. (More information.)

Raising Children Abroad (1993). Washington D.C.: Video produced by the U.S. Department of State’s Family Liaison Office, Office of Overseas Schools, and Office of Security Awareness.

Roman, Beverly (1999). “Footsteps Around the World: Relocation Tips for Teens.” Wilmington, NC: BR Anchor Publishing. (More information.)

Roman, Beverly (1999). “Home Away From Home: Turning Your International Relocation Into a Lifetime Enhancement.” Wilmington, NC: BR Anchor Publishing. (More information.)

Roman, Beverly (1999). “Let’s Move Overseas: The International Edition of Let’s Make A Move!” Wilmington, NC: BR Anchor Publishing. (More information.)

Salmon, Joy L. (1987). The Relationship of Stress and Mobility to the Psychological Development and Well-Being of Third-Culture-Reared Early Adults. (Doctoral Dissertation, The Florida State University College of Education, 1987). Dissertation Abstracts International, 48, 11-B.

Schaetti, B. F. (2002). Attachment Theory: A View into the Global Nomad Experience. In M. G. Ender (Ed.), Military Brats and Other Global Nomads Growing Up in Organization Families: Praeger Publishers. You may order this through

Schaetti, B. F. (Winter 1995). “Families On The Move: Working Together to Meet the Challenge.” Moving On. Strategies for the Homeward Bound. FOCUS London, 1995. Reprinted in Inter-Ed. Association for the Advancement of International Education, Vol. 23, No. 75.

Schaetti, B. (2000). Global Nomad Identity: Hypothesizing A Developmental Model, Bell and Howell, Ann Arbor, MI. Catalogue Number: 9992721. Volume: 6110; Issue: A. (Read the Abstract.) This dissertation is is available through Dissertation Abstracts. It can be ordered online through Bell and Howell (formerly UMI). The catalog number is 9992721.

Schaetti, B. F. (September 1996). “Phoenix Rising: A Question of Cultural Identity.” Perspectives. Washington D.C.: Global Nomads International.

Schaetti, B. F. (Winter 1996). “Transition Programming in International Schools: An Emergent Mandate.” Inter-Ed. Association for the Advancement of International Education, vol. 24, no. 78.

Schaetti, B. F. (1996). “Transitions Resource Teams: A Good Answer To An Important Question.” Transition Dynamics, Seattle, WA.

Schmiel, G. and Schmiel K. (1998). Welcome Home: Who Are You? Tales of a Foreign Service Family. Aletheia Publications, Inc., Putnam Valley, NY, 1998.

Shepard, S. (1998). Managing Cross-Cultural Transition: A Handbook for Corporations, Employees, and Their Families. Aletheia Publications, Inc., Putnam Valley, NY, 1998.

Smith, C. D. (1994). The Absentee American: Repatriates’ Perspectives on America. Aletheia Publications, Inc., Putnam Valley, NY, 1994.

Smith, C. D. (Ed.). (1996). Strangers at Home: Essays on the Effects of Living Overseas and Coming “Home” to a Strange Land. Aletheia Publications, Inc., Putnam Valley, NY.

Steinglass, Peter and Martha E. Edwards (1993). Family Relocations Study: Final Report. New York NY: Ackerman Institute for Family Therapy for the U.S. Department of State.

Storti, Craig (1990), The Art of Crossing Cultures. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press. (More information.)

Storti, Craig (1997). The Art of Coming Home. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press. Truscott, Mary R. Brats. NY, NY: E.P. Dutton, Division of Penguin Books. (More information.)

Tokuhama-Espinosa, Tracey. (2000). Raising Multilingual Children. Bergin and Garvey. (More information.)

Useem, R.H. and R.D. Downie (1976). “Third Culture Kids,” Today’s Education. September/October.

Van Reken, Ruth (1988). Letters Never Sent. Elgin, IL: Cook Publishing Co. Wallach, Joel & Gale Metcalf (June 1982). “Parenting Abroad,” Foreign Service Journal.

Walters, Doris L. (1991). An Assessment of Reentry Issues of the Children of Missionaries. NY: Vantage Press.

Werkman, Sidney (1977). Bringing Up Children Overseas—A Guide for Families. New York: Basic Books, Inc.

Werkman, Sidney (1983). “Coming Home: Adjustment of Americans to The U.S. After Living Abroad.” International Schools Journal. 5: 49-62. ECIS.

Wertsch, Mary Edwards (1991). Military Brats: Legacies of Childhood Inside the Fortress. New York: Aletheia Publications, Inc. (More information.)


Asch, Frank (1986). Goodbye House. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Banks, Ann and Nancy Evans. Goodbye House. A Kid’s Guide to Moving. New York: Harmony Books. ISBN:0-517-53907-1.

Blohm, Judith M. (1996). Where In the World Are You Going? Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.

Cohen, Miriam (1967). Will I Have A Friend? New York: Macmillan.

Craig, Jean (1967). The New Boy On The Sidewalk. New York: W.W. Norton. Home is Where My Heart Lies. Warrenton, Virginia: Enterprise Services International, Inc.

Rogers, Fred (1974). Mister Rogers Talks About…. New York: Platt and Munk.

Schein, Miriam (1971). My House. Chicago: Albert Whitman.

Zolotow, Charlotte (1961). The Three Funny Friends. New York: Harper and Row.

Robinson, David (2004). Lucy and The Waterfox. Victoria BC: Trafford Publishing. Order online at


Ervin, Nancy (1985). Kids On The Move. Franklin MI: Conquest Corporation.

Nida, Patricia Cooney and Wendy Heller (1985). The Teenager’s Survival Guide to Moving. New York: Atheneum.

Piet-Pelon, Nancy (June 1986). Reentry for Teens. Foreign Service Journal.

Teen Talk: Straight Talk About Moving… One Teen to Another. Franklin, Michigan: Conquest Corporation, 1988, 1991.

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Please visit the rest of our Resources section, including our selection of articles and our page of links and contact information to other websites and organizations for the internationally mobile. Additionally, visit our products page of materials which discuss the expatriate and repatriate experience.